1) First Sorrowful Mystery - THE AGONY IN THE GARDEN (God's Will be done)
o Jesus comes with his disciples to Gethsemani: "Stay here, keep awake and pray".
o Entering the garden with Peter, James, and John, Jesus prays, "My soul is sorrowful unto death."
o Jesus sees the sins of all mankind, whose guilt He has taken upon Himself.
o He sees the wrath of the Father which His sufferings must appease, and the necessary reparation.
o So great is his anguish that His sweat becomes as drops of blood falling to the ground.
o An angel appears to Him from heaven to strengthen Him. (Lord, strengthen me when I am weak).
o "Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from Me; yet, not My will but Yours be done."
o Finding the disciples asleep: "Could you not watch one hour with me?" Stay awake and pray.
o Jesus is betrayed by Judas, with a kiss, cruelly bound and led away.
o Father, by the merits of the agony of Jesus in the Garden, have mercy on us and on the whole world.
2) Second Sorrowful Mystery - JESUS IS SCOURGED (Mortification of senses)
o Jesus is taken to the High Priest where, innocent of any sin, He is accused, buffeted and insulted.
o The Jewish leaders take Jesus before Pilate. Only he can impose the death penalty. Jesus submits.
o Barabbas is preferred to Jesus. Jesus asks them to repent; Barabbas doesn't.
o Pilate can "find no cause in Him" yet, to soften the Jews' hearts, he orders Jesus to be scourged.
o The scourge is made of leather thongs to which are attached small sharp bones.
o Jesus is bound to a pillar and cruelly scourged, His whole body covered with deep wounds.
o The Lamb of God offers His suffering for the sins of mankind. He shows us mercy and compassion.
o Jesus suffers unnecessary cruelty in His sacred flesh to satisfy, especially, for sins of the flesh.
o Isaiah's prophesy is fulfilled: "He was wounded for our iniquities, He was bruised for our sins."
o Father, by the merits of Jesus in this painful scourging, have mercy on us and on the whole world.
3) Third Sorrowful Mystery - CROWNED WITH THORNS (Reign of Christ in our heart)
o Pilate asks, "Are You a king?" Jesus answers: "I am a King, but My kingdom is not of this world."
o In the praetorium, soldiers place an old purple robe on Jesus in mockery of His claim to be a king.
o They fashion a crown out of thorns, and forcefully press it down upon His head. Jesus submits.
o In His bound hands they place a reed, as a sceptre, in mockery of His kingship.
o Kneeling before Him in derision, they spit on Him, and cry out: "Hail, King of the Jews!"
o Taking the reed from His hand they strike Him on the head, driving the thorns deeply into His scalp.
o Pilate brings Jesus before the people, hoping His pitiful sight will soften them: "Behold the man!"
o They condemn Him: "Crucify Him! Crucify Him! His blood will be on our heads".
o Our Blessed Lord submitted to this terrible humiliation to make reparation for our pride.
o Father, by the merits of this painful humiliation, have mercy on us and on the whole world.
4) Fourth Sorrowful Mystery - JESUS CARRYS THE CROSS (Patient suffering in trials)
o One condemned to death by crucifixion is forced to carry his cross to the place of execution.
o Jesus' suffering is intense as the cross is laid on His bruised and wounded back and shoulders.
o Weak from loss of blood, plus lack of food and rest, Jesus falls three times under His cross.
o Jesus meets His afflicted Mother causing untold anguish in the Hearts of Son and Mother.
o The countenance of Jesus is disfigured with blood and sweat, with dust and spittle.
o Veronica wipes His face, leaving on her towel the image of His countenance.
o Fearing that Jesus might die on the way, the soldiers force Simon of Cyrene to help Jesus.
o Jesus speaks to weeping women; "Weep not for Me, but for yourselves and your children."
o "If anyone is to be My disciple, let him take up his cross and follow Me."
o Father, by the merits of this painful journey to Calvary, have mercy on us and on the whole world.
5) Fifth Sorrowful Mystery - THE CRUCIFIXION (Pardoning of Injuries)
o The hands and feet of Jesus are nailed to the cross in the presence of His afflicted Mother.
o "Father, forgive them for they know not what they do."
o "This day you will be with Me in paradise."
o "Woman, behold your Son. Son, behold your Mother."
o "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?"
o "I thirst."
o "It is finished."
o "Father, into Your hands I commend My spirit."
o The side of Jesus is pierced with a lance. His body is taken down and placed in Mary's arms.
o Father, by the merits of the crucifixion and death of Jesus, have mercy on us and on the whole world.